THE PROFILE OF LEUKOCYTE COUNT AND SEVERITY OF DIPHTHERIA
John Huwae,Agustin Iskandar,Irene Ratridewi
Medical Faculty of Brawijaya University Dept of Clinical Pathology Medical Faculty of Brawijaya University, Saiful Anwar General Hospital Malang East Java Dept of Child Health Medical Faculty of Brawijaya University, Saiful Anwar General Hospital Malang East Java
Background : Diphtheria is one of the serious infectious diseases in children. Diagnosis is established by clinical findings, leukocytosis and confirmed by culture. The severity of the disease is established by how wide the pseudomembrane is.
Material : By finding the mean leukocyte count for both moderate diphtheria and heavy diphtheria. The percentage of leukocyte count for moderate diphtheria (<10000, 10000-15000, 15000-20000, >20000) is also calculated.
Results : The mean of leukocyte count for moderate diphtheria with 32 cases (13983) is higher than the mean leukocyte count for severe diphtheria with 6 cases (12112). The percentage of leukocyte count under 10000 is 18.75%, between 10000 and 15000 is 43.75%, between 15000 and 20000 is 28.13% and above 20000 is 9.38%.
Conclusions : This preliminary study concluded that both moderate and severe diphtheria does not always show the presence of leukocytosis as the highest percentage of leukocyte count is for leukocyte count between 10000 and 15000 (43.75%). Further study with larger sample size is required.
Keywords: diphtheria severity leukocyte count
Disclaimer: The Views and opinions expressed in the articles are of the authors and not of the journal.
Mid City Hospital, 3-A Shadman II
Jail Road, Lahore ,Pakistan