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Abstract Ref Number = APCP89
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Learning and Sharing Experience of PCV Demonstration Program in Indonesia (a Roadmap to SDGs in Reducing Children Morbidity due to Pneumonia)
Anung Sugihantono
The Government of Indonesia is strongly committed to the 2030 Agenda and is integrating the SDGs into the national development planning process and localizing the global indicators. The health target under Goal 3.2 mention by 2030, to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1000 live births. Immunization is a proven public health intervention for controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases.1 Indonesia is among the 15 countries with the greatest burden of pneumonia and diarrhea.2 According to Indonesia Sample Registration System 2015, pneumonia is one of the leading cause of death among infants and also under-five children.3 According to Indonesia Health Profile Data there are 447,431 under-five pneumonia cases and 1,351 deaths due to pneumonia in 2017.4 Indonesia had made the first important step introducing PCV as Demonstration Program in West Lombok and East Lombok Districts, West Nusa Tenggara Province since October 2017. These districts were chosen since both have high prevalence (6.38%) of pneumonia cases and are populated areas. The current schedule of PCV immunization is to be given at 2, 3 and 12 months of age. The two primary doses are administered along with Diphteria-Pertusis-Tetanus/Hepatitis B/Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (DPT/HB/Hib) and oral polio vaccine (OPV).8 The PCV Demonstration Program will be expanded to the entire Lombok island and to 3 districts in Bangka-Belitung Province by the end of 2018. Surveillance of the adverse event following immunization and post-launch assessment are being conducted to understand and improve the quality of the program.9 We need to work together to build the awareness of the health care professionals and the parents regarding immunization, to protect our children from the vaccine preventable disease and at the same time to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The Government of Indonesia is strongly committed to the 2030 Agenda and is integrating the SDGs into the national development planning process and localizing the global indicators. The health target under Goal 3.2 mention by 2030, to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1000 live births. Immunization is a proven public health intervention for controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases.1 Indonesia is among the 15 countries with the greatest burden of pneumonia and diarrhea.2 According to Indonesia Sample Registration System 2015, pneumonia is one of the leading cause of death among infants and also under-five children.3 According to Indonesia Health Profile Data there are 447,431 under-five pneumonia cases and 1,351 deaths due to pneumonia in 2017.4 Indonesia had made the first important step introducing PCV as Demonstration Program in West Lombok and East Lombok Districts, West Nusa Tenggara Province since October 2017. These districts were chosen since both have high prevalence (6.38%) of pneumonia cases and are populated areas. The current schedule of PCV immunization is to be given at 2, 3 and 12 months of age. The two primary doses are administered along with Diphteria-Pertusis-Tetanus/Hepatitis B/Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (DPT/HB/Hib) and oral polio vaccine (OPV).8 The PCV Demonstration Program will be expanded to the entire Lombok island and to 3 districts in Bangka-Belitung Province by the end of 2018. Surveillance of the adverse event following immunization and post-launch assessment are being conducted to understand and improve the quality of the program.9 We need to work together to build the awareness of the health care professionals and the parents regarding immunization, to protect our children from the vaccine preventable disease and at the same time to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Keywords: SDGs, Indonesia PCV immunization; Demonstration Program; West Lombok; East Lombok
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