Abstract Ref Number = APCP808
SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AFFECTING INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENTS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN JAKARTA
MEITHA P E TOGAS ,Hartono Gunardi,Rini Sekartini,Soedjatmiko ,Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati
RSUD KUDUNGGA Developmental, Behavioral Community Pediatrics Division, Department of Child Health dr Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia
Background : Many factors affect intelligence in children such as level of parental education, the socioeconomic status of the family, and the stimulating environment of the child Aim: To determine sociodemographic factors affecting intelligence quotients (IQ) of Primary School students
Material : This cross-sectional study was conducted on March 30th to May 4th, 2017 at SDN 03 Menteng, Central Jakarta. Six-12 years old children recruited by stratified random sampling wih minimum sample size was 144. Sociodemographic factors included gender, grade, nutritional status, paternal education, maternal education, and parental income were to be filled by the parents. The children's IQ were measured using Wechsler Intelligence Scale Test for Children (WISC). The relationship between sociodemographic factors and children’s intelligence was assessed using nonparametric tests.
Results : There were 145 subjects consisting of male 66/145 (45.5%) and female 79/145 (54.5%) grouped into grade 1-6. Majority of subjects were obese 55/145 (37.9%), high paternal education 75/145 (51.7%), middle maternal education 74/145 (51%), and normal parental income 103/145 (71.0%). The distribution of IQ was below average 8/145 (5.5%), average 99/145 (68.3%), above average 24/145 (16.6%), superior 10/145 (6.9%), very superior 4/145 (2.8%). Gender, nutritional status, grade of subjects had no significant relation on children’s IQ. It was found that paternal and maternal education had a very significant effect on the children's total IQ (p<0,001, p<0,0001 respectively). therefore the higher the paternal and maternal education, the better the child's IQ. It was found that parental income had a significant effect on children's total IQ (p<0.001); families with higher income would have children with better IQ.
Conclusions : The higher level of parental education, the better the outcome of children's intelligence quotient. Parental income had a significant effect on children’s intelligence quotient
Keywords: Sociodemographic factors Intelligence Quotients WISC