Abstract Ref Number = APCP73
Profile of adolescent health: Indonesian study
Bernie Endyarni Medise
Child Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia
Adolescent Task Force, Indonesian Pediatric Society
There are more than 43 million adolescents between 10 and 18 years of age, representing about 18% of the Indonesian population. This large number of adolescent is also considered as a “demographic bonus”. Considered as generation Z, they are facing more challenges not only communicable diseases, but also non-communicable diseases, tobacco smoking, and mental health problem as the effects of the advancement in technology, internet and social media. More adolescents spend more time in sedentary lifestyle which leads to non-communicable diseases such as obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Bullying and its new form, cyberbullying are also threats for adolescent mental health. Adolescents’ safety and security are also becoming problems, beside unintentional and intentional injuries which have been the major cause of adolescent death in Indonesia.
Even though the Ministry of Health have provided health services through community health centers (Puskesmas) with Adolescent Friendly Health Services (Pelayanan Kesehatan Peduli Remaja) and School Health Units (Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah), Indonesia still has problems in providing adolescent well-being, education, and health services. Other problems are also due to various conditions ranges from large number of population, various ethnic groups, cultures, values, to geographic challenges. Teenage marriage is still high with an estimated 14% of girls are married before the age of 18, and rates as high as 35% in some regions. Adolescent reproductive health should become one of priorities to decrease teenage pregnancy. Moreover, 12-year compulsory school is needed to be implemented to prepare better education and increase teen marriage age.