Abstract Ref Number = APCP55
Lessons learned from Asian Pacific collaboration in Liver Transplantation
Director, Organ Transplantation
National Center for Child Health and Development
Regarding liver transplantations in Japan, with no progress having been made in deceased donor liver transplantations, a living donor liver transplantation carried out on a boy with end-stage cirrhosis of the liver due to biliary atresia in November 1989 was the first case of its kind. Unlike deceased donor liver transplantations, living donor liver transplantations have two major advantages. First, as organs are donated from healthy adults, it is possible to transplant organs with better viability compared to deceased donor organs which have been preserved in cold storage for a long time. Second, depending on the condition of the recipient, it is possible to conduct elective surgery at the optimal timing. In Japan, the number of annual liver transplantation cases is approximately 400, with the number of annual pediatric liver transplantation cases stable at approximately 120 cases. The patient survival rate of pediatric liver transplantation cases is relatively good at 89.4% over the course of 1 year, 86.8% over 5 years, 84.4% over 10 years, and 80.9% over 20 years.
The liver transplantation program was initiated at the National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan, in November 2005, providing liver transplantation medical treatment to 510 pediatric patients with end-stage liver disease to date. This presentation outlines the history of liver transplantations in our country along with the present state of liver transplantations at the National Center for Child Health and Development and collaboration to establish liver transplantation program with Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.