Abstract Ref Number = APCP416
Oral Presentation
Risk Factor of Stunted Children Aged 24 - 59 months in Gianyar District, Bali, Indonesia
Arya Krisna Manggala,Komang Wiswa Mitra Kenwa,Made Me Lina Kenwa,Anak Agung Gede Dwinaldo Putra Jaya Sakti,Anak Agung Sagung Sawitri School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Udayana University Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University
Background : Childhood stunting (low height-for-age) still remains a global health problem because it could increase the risk of mortality rate and disturbances in growth and development. The prevalence of stunting in Bali is 32.5%, where Gianyar was the highest with 41%. However, there is no data regarding the risk factors of stunted children in Gianyar. Therefore, we would like to investigate the risk factors of stunted children aged 24 - 54 months in Gianyar.
Material : This is a cross-sectional study, involving consecutively 166 children with the age range of 24 - 59 months who attended integrated health post in thirteen community health centers in Gianyar District, Bali during the data collection period. Stunting is defined as -2SD below WHO HAZ according to sex. Statistical analysis were done by Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression.
Results : This study revealed that 37 (22.3%) children were stunted and there was a mean height difference between stunted and non-stunted (p= <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that low father's education (AOR 2.88; 95%CI 1.10 - 7.55; p= 0.031), mother's height less than 150 cm (AOR 7.64; 95%CI 2.03 - 8.74; p= 0.003), high risk mother's age (AOR 4.24; 95%CI 1.56 - 11.49; p= 0.005), low birth weight (AOR 5.09; 95% CI 1.03 - 25.31; p= 0.047), and low birth length (AOR 9.92; 95% CI 1.84 - 53.51; p= 0.008) were strongly associated with stunting.
Conclusions : Risk factors of stunted children were low father's education, mother's height less than 150 cm, high risk mother's age, low birth weight, and low birth length.
Keywords: stunting children risk factor Gianyar
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