Background : Childhood stunting (low height-for-age) still remains a global health problem because it could increase the risk of mortality rate and disturbances in growth and development. The prevalence of stunting in Bali is 32.5%, where Gianyar was the highest with 41%. However, there is no data regarding the risk factors of stunted children in Gianyar. Therefore, we would like to investigate the risk factors of stunted children aged 24 - 54 months in Gianyar.
Material : This is a cross-sectional study, involving consecutively 166 children with the age range of 24 - 59 months who attended integrated health post in thirteen community health centers in Gianyar District, Bali during the data collection period. Stunting is defined as -2SD below WHO HAZ according to sex. Statistical analysis were done by Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression.
Results : This study revealed that 37 (22.3%) children were stunted and there was a mean height difference between stunted and non-stunted (p= <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that low father's education (AOR 2.88; 95%CI 1.10 - 7.55; p= 0.031), mother's height less than 150 cm (AOR 7.64; 95%CI 2.03 - 8.74; p= 0.003), high risk mother's age (AOR 4.24; 95%CI 1.56 - 11.49; p= 0.005), low birth weight (AOR 5.09; 95% CI 1.03 - 25.31; p= 0.047), and low birth length (AOR 9.92; 95% CI 1.84 - 53.51; p= 0.008) were strongly associated with stunting.
Conclusions : Risk factors of stunted children were low father's education, mother's height less than 150 cm, high risk mother's age, low birth weight, and low birth length.