Background : Adolescent mental health still remains neglected. Early screening of adolescent mental health problems may result in earlier intervention and improve the outcomes. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a well-known brief and structured instrument used to measure child and adolescent behaviors that indicate mental health problem.
Material : A cross-sectional study was conducted during October 2017 in selected Junior High Schools and Senior High Schools in Ternate using self-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A total of 486 subjects aged 11 - 17 years old were involved in this study and selected by using cluster sampling.
Results : The total of 486 adolescents consisted of 202 boys (41,56%) and 284 girls (58,43%) were participated in the study. Data found 93,83% respondents had normal interpretation of prosocial behavior, 4,12% had borderline score, and only 2,06% were abnormal. The difficulties score were divided into four sub-scales: emotional, conduct, hyperactivity and peer relationship problems. The data showed 49,18% respondents gave a result of normal emotional symptoms, 14,20% with borderline, and 36,63% had abnormal result. In conduct problem, the result of normal, borderline, and abnormal were in 60,70%, 18,11%, and 21,19% respondents, respectively. In hyperactivity sub-scale, normal result obtained from most respondents (88,89%), borderline in 8,23%, and abnormal in 2,88% respondents. In peer relationship problem, the data of normal, borderline, and abnormal interpretation were in 71,19%, 22,45%, and 6,38% respondents, respectively. Regarding the total difficulties score, 58,44% respondents had normal, 23,87% had borderline, and 17,70% had abnormal results.
Conclusions : The data showed at least 1 of 6 adolescents were at risk of mental health problem. Emotional problem was the highest among all difficulties sub-scales.