Abstract Ref Number = APCP204
Oral Presentation
Randy Renaldo Wiratara,Sumadiono ,Cahya Dewi Satria Faculty of Medicine Gadjah Mada University Department of Child Health, dr Sardjito Hospital
Background : Allergen polysensitization is defined as positive IgE response against 2 or more allergens. Allergic rhinitis is one of allergy manifestation mediated by IgE. Whether severity of allergic rhinitis affected by the number of allergen sensitizations is still not clear. Material : The study design was a cross sectional study of 80 children with allergic rhinitis aged 2-12 years at Yogyakarta in April-September 2014. We conducted skin prick test, and we defined the severity of allergic rhinitis using ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) criteria. Statistical analysis using two-tailed Spearman test. Results : From 80 subjects, there were 45 subjects (56.3%) had allergen polysensitization. 29 subjects (36.3%) had mild intermittent allergic rhinitis, 43 subjects (53.8%) had moderate-severe intermittent allergic rhinitis, 4 subjects (5%) had mild persistent allergic rhinitis, and 4 subjects (5%) had moderate-severe allergic rhinitis. There was no significant correlation between number of allergen sensitization and the severity of allergic rhinitis in children (p = 0.322). Conclusions : Half of children with allergic rhinitis have allergen polysensitization. The number of allergen to which a child sensitized is not related to severity of allergic rhinitis.
Keywords: allergic rhinitis polysensitization severity
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