Abstract Ref Number = APCP141
Child Protection Task Force, Indonesia Pediatric Society
Childhood unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children ages 1-19 years old, representing nearly 40% of all deaths in this age group. The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2012 reported about 1.3 million adolescents died from preventable or treatable causes and road traffic injuries were the leading cause of death. Half of those fatalities involved vulnerable road users (VRU) that are those most at risk in traffic (pedestrians, pedal cyclist, and motor cyclist), with children and elderly as the majority victims. Ninety percent of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low-and middle-income countries. Males are more likely to experience street injury than females.
The risk factors of street injury are speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol and other psychoactive substances, nonuse of motorcycle helmets, seat belts, and child restraints, distracted driving, unsafe road infrastructure, unsafe vehicles, and inadequate law enforcement of traffic laws. Government must take action to address road safety in a holistic manner that involves multiple sectors. Effective interventions include designing safer infrastructure, improving the safety features of vehicles, post care for victims of street injury, setting and enforcing laws related to risk factors, and raising public awareness about safety on the street for children.
In 2015, the United Nations (UN) launched the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals, which included road safety in its goals. This shows the importance of this issue to broader health and development, and the need for countries and the international community to prioritize action to achieve it.In 2017, WHO released Save LIVES a road safety technical package that synthesizes evidence-based measures that can significantly reduce road traffic fatalities and injuries. The program focuses on speed management, leadership, infrastructure design and improvement, vehicle safety standards, enforcement of traffic laws and post crash survival.
Keywords: street injury, unintentional, road safety