Abstract Ref Number = APCP1242
THE CORRELATION OF STUNTING TO HOSPITALIZATION FREQUENCY, ANEMIA AND CHRONIC DISEASE IN CHILDREN BELOW FIVE YEARS OLD
Dewinda Candrarukmi,Endang Dewi Lestari
Departement of Child Health Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University Moewardi Hospital Surakarta Nutrition and Metabolic Disease Subdivision Departement of Child health Faculty Of Medicine Sebelas Maret University Moewardi Hospital Surakarta
Background : Malnutrition and frequent infection leads to a vicious cycle of worsening nutritional status and increased susceptibility to infection. We assessed the relation of stunting to frequency of hospitalization, anemia and chronic illness.
Material : A cross-sectional study among 114 children aged 1-60 months was conducted et April 2018. The data of antropometric measurement, frequency of hospitalization, anemia, and disease of the patients were obtained from medical record. Stunting status was measured with z-score height for age (H/A) from the WHO Child Growth Standards 2007 for the same age and sex. Mann whitney U and Spearmann correlation test were used to analyze the data.
Results : The median values of hospitalization frequency in the stunting and non stunting group was 2 (min.-max 1-37), and 1 (min.-max 1-29) (p=0.412), respectively. Before and after age adjustment, there was no correlation between stunting and hospitalization frequency (p = 0.414, 1-12 months p=0.373, 13-24 months p=0.320, 3-5 months p=0.665) (p>0.05). Anemia (OR 2.37, p = 0.025, 95% CI 1.13-5.04) and chronic disease (OR 4.17, p = 0.003, 95% Ci 1.6-10.85) were significantly associated with stunting.
Conclusions : There is no correlation between stunting and hospitalization frequency. However, anemia and chronic diease are significantly associated with stunting in children under 5 years of age.
Keywords: stunting hospitalization anemia chronic disease