Correlation between non-exclusive breastfeeding and low birth weight to stunting in children
Endang Dewi Lestari,Faraissa Hasanah,Novianto Adi Nugroho
PT Taisho Medical student Lecturer Sebelas Maret University
Background : Indonesia is ranked fifth in the world for the problem of stunting. Stunting has been associated with several factors, two of which are non-exclusive breastfeeding and low birth weight infant. The aim is to determine the correlations between non-exclusive breastfeeding and low birth weight to stunting in children aged 2-5 years.
Material : This case-control study was conducted in October to November 2016 in multiple integrated health service clinics (posyandu) in Sangkrah, Surakarta. Subjects were children aged 24-59 months who visited the posyandu and were included by purposive sampling. Children classified as stunted were allocated to the case group, whereas the children classified with normal nutritional status were allocated to the control group. Parents filled questionnaires on history of exclusive breastfeeding, child’s birth weight, maternal education, and family socio-economic status.
Results : Of the 60 subjects, the control group had 30 normal children and the case group had 30 stunted children. Multivariate analysis by logistical regression test revealed statistically significant correlations between stunting and non-exclusive breastfeeding (adjusted OR for exclusive breastfeeding 0.234; P=0.034; 95% CI: 0.061 to 0.894), as well as low birth weight (adjusted OR 10.510; P=0.035; 95% CI: 1.180 to 93.572 ) This value implies that exclusive breastfeeding is a protecting factor against stunting, which means exclusive breastfeeding is able to decrease the prevalence of stunting in children under the age of five.
Conclusions : There is a statistically significant correlation between non-exclusive breastfeeding and low birth wight to the prevalence of stunting in children aged 2-5 years.
Keywords: : exclusive breastfeeding stunting children 24-59 months
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