Abstract Ref Number = APCP117
Invited Speakers
Ririe Fachrina Malisie Child Health Department, Emergency and Intensive Care Pediatric Division Faculty of Medicine Sumatera Utara University Sumatera Utara University Hospital Medan Indonesia
Respiratory infections and sepsis are the leading causes of respiratory failure in children under five years of age developing country. Respiratory support is essential in the management of these critically ill children. Mortality and morbidity in these children could be decreased with adequate respiratory support in the emergency and intensive care setting. Providing mechanical ventilation to all sick children with respiratory distress may not be feasible in the resource limited setting where the burden of referral is huge. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) could be considered in this condition, as it is cheap, safe and reduced almost > 75% the need of invasive ventilation. NIV is ventilated patient with the techniques that do not require an endotracheal airway. Although there are limited non-invasive support options for children, the use of NIV in children is expanding worldwide. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used for children with moderate or severe respiratory distress in intensive care unit in developed countries. CPAP can be delivered using a conventional ventilator, bubble circuit or a CPAP driver with various types of interfaces like face mask, nasopharyngeal tube or nasal prongs, which is not available in most health care center in low middle income countries. Bubble CPAP could be beneficial in hospitals where the only respiratory support for treating children with respiratory distress and hypoxemia is the standard flow oxygen. High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen delivery is a relatively new NIV that might be well tolerated in infants with hypoxemic respiratory failure. The evidence for safety or effectiveness of HFNC as a respiratory support in children is relatively lacking. Debate is still ongoing as to whether HFNC may reduce the use of less tolerated and more invasive ventilator supports, such as CPAP and mechanical ventilation.
Keywords: non-invasive ventilation in children, limited resources area
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