Bacterial Patterns on Sepsis patients at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit RSUP Prof Dr dr R D Kandou Manado
Esther Boas,Wilar Rocky,Rompis Johnny
Sam Ratulangi University
Background : The bacterial and sensitivity patterns towards antibiotic in sepsis patients is very important for clinicians to provide appropriate treatment. The bacterial and sensitivity patterns towards antibiotics will change in different places and time and can be spread in all places, so those should be analyzed routinely.
Material : This is a descriptive study conducted with retrospective approach on 235 samples whose blood cultures were found to be positive results and a sensitivity test was conducted on antibiotics in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for five years from January 2013 to December 2017.
Results : Of the 235 samples of sepsis patients, prevalence of sepsis in men 125 patients (53.2%) more than women 110 patients (46,9%). Most samples were found in the weight group> 2500 grams (70.6%). Most found in sepsis were Klebsiella Pneumonia (22.6%). This is followed by Escherichia Colii (17%) and Serattia Marcescens (10.6%). Ampicillin and Gentamycin were found to be resistance against most septic type of bacteria (74.8%)
Conclusions : Based on the results, it can be concluded that the prevalence of sepsis in men were higher than women. The highest incidence is found in the birth weight group> 2500 grams. Most of the germs that are obtained from the blood sample culture are Klebsiella Pneumonia, Escherichia Colii and Serattia Marcescens. Ampicillin and Gentamycin were found to be resistance against the germ that causes sepsis.